In Defense of Band-Aid’s “Do They Know It’s Christmas?”

In 1984, an instantly classic holiday song tried to save the world.  Thirty years later, it seems the song needs to be saved from itself.

I originally intended to write a piece outlining how the 1984 version of Band Aid’s “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” is infinitely superior to the 2014 version. (Sorry, One Direction guys, but it’s true.) But after some initial research, I realized the 1984 version is not quite as beloved as I thought.  In fact, many folks downright loathe it, for a bunch of compelling reasons:

  1. Its misrepresentation of African climate and geography (So, there isn’t snow in Africa, eh?  What about the caps of Mt. Kilimanjaro?  And no rivers flow, huh? What about the Nile, only the longest river in the world?)
  2. Its utter misunderstanding of religious practices in Africa (Pretty sure the 380 million plus Christians in Africa know it’s Christmas, and I’ll bet the Muslims who make up 45% of the African population are likewise aware of Christmas, even if they don’t celebrate it.)
  3. The reduction of the immense, complex country of Africa, made up of fifty-four nations, to a single, desolate place where “nothing ever grows”
  4. And, finally, the imperialistic and patronizing tone of the whole project.

Legitimate gripes, all. The song really does portray the Western world as the oh-so-altruistic White Knight out to save the poor and pitiful “other ones” in Africa.  And yet, I still have a soft spot in my 80s-loving heart for the song.

Band Aid 1984

Maybe because I was fourteen when the song came out and thus too young to appreciate how patronizing the song was.  Maybe I’m just a sucker for songs that feature Sting singing “sting of tears.” Maybe I just really dig Phil Collins’s gnarly drum track.

Ultimately, despite its glaring faults, I feel there are still plenty of reasons you can enjoy “Do They Know It’s Christmas?”  Here are five:

Band Aid 1984 Was a Superstar Summit

Boy George, Simon le Bon, George Michael, Sting– these guys were HUGE in the mid-80s,. Heck, even Paul Young– who opens the song– may be residing in Obscurity Town today, but he had a major hit at the time with “Every Time You Go Away.”  The fact that Bob Geldof was able to get all of these big names (and big egos) together for one song was very impressive indeed.

(As an aside: When my fourteen-year-old son showed me the video for the new version of the song, I kept asking, “Who’s that singing now?”  Except for Bono, Seal, and Sinead O’Connor, I didn’t recognize anyone. Of course, my son didn’t recognize anyone from the 1984 version, so I guess we’re even. And speaking of Bono…)

Bono Belts It Out

Yeah, the line is problematic: “Well, tonight thank God it’s them instead of you?”  Even though the sentiment is obviously ironic, it’s still questionable. But, man, does Bono throw himself into it!  It’s as if he figured, “Hey, they’re giving me three seconds… I’m going to make the most of them!”

(That’s my favorite Bono, by the way– the exuberant, mulleted, pre-Joshua Tree Bono of yesteryear, as opposed to today’s blase, elder-statesman, “I-count-the-Pope-as-one-of-my-Facebook-friends” Bono.)

The Extended Version is Train-Wreck Entertainment

Back in the mid-80s, radio stations would play an “extended version” of the song, which featured spoken messages from folks such as the Bananrama ladies, David Bowie, and a babbling Paul McCartney– artists  who didn’t have solos or just couldn’t be there at the recording session. None of this adds to the song; the Frankie Goes to Hollywood guy’s creepy laughter actually detracts from it.  All- together unnecessary and at times even hideous, the extended version is bizarrely entertaining nonetheless.

The Song Raised Awareness

Bob Geldof raised millions with this song (and millions upon millions more seven months later with Live Aid), but sadly, not all that money got to the people who needed it: African warlords ended up intercepting a large portion of the resources.

Geldof was much more successful in raising awareness. Case in point: when I was fourteen, I had no idea people were starving in Ethiopia.  Heck, I didn’t even know there was a place called Ethiopia.  Back then, my only knowledge of world geography came from playing Risk as a child. (Or at lesat, starting to play Risk as a child.  I never actually finished a game of Risk.  Then again, does anyone?)

The “world outside your window” message was one I definitely needed to hear. So did a lot of people back in the 1980s, apparently: in the wake of Band Aid came USA for Africa, Farm Aid, Comic Relief, and, yes, even Hands Across America.  Not bad for the “greed is good” decade, eh?

It’s Just a Good Song

I fully concede that some of the lyrics are ignorant, nationalistic, and condescending.  And yet, I also think, as far as songs go, “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” is pretty darn good– and as far as pop Christmas songs go, it’s really good.

I’ll play the “back in 1984” card again: when I was fourteen and desperately seeking coolness, it was socially acceptable to like “Do They Know It’s Christmas?”  I don’t know if it was actually cool to like it, but at least it wasn’t uncool.

That was not the case two months later, when USA for Africa’s “We Are the World” debuted. Even though radio stations played “We Are the World” non-stop, I don’t know any teenage boy who admitted to liking it. The song was just too cheesy, too corny. Both songs had the same goal, but “Do they Know It’s Christmas?” was just more successful, in large part because it’s just a better song.

And now, I’ll end this piece by quoting from the “Do They Know It’s Christmas?” extended version.  In the immortal words of Bruce Watson, guitarist from the band Big Country: “Feed the People! Stay Alive!”

Author: Mark Dursin

Mark Dursin is an English teacher at Glastonbury High School in Glastonbury, Connecticut. His writing has appeared in the Hartford Courant and several online publications, including The Faster Times and JMWW. He and his co-conspirator, his wife Sheri, blog at

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  1. Great article, a pleasure to read. Although my favorite “celebrity charity song” is Hear n’ Aid’s “Stars”(which has the best extended version because it just adds more guitar solos), Band Aid encapsulates the 80s better than any of them. Matter of fact, you have proven that it is the only one that produced enough interesting material to subsequently write an interesting article… What else could be said about Hear n’ Aid besides, “Huh, The dude from Night Ranger shreds???” BTW, the photo here shows beyond the shadow of a doubt that Nick Rhodes was the coolest person in the entire universe.

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  2. Yes! I thoroughly enjoyed reading this and related to all of it. I don’t have a 14 year old son, so my husband and I just sat around going “Who is that?” We remain in the dark. And who cares really? If you were a 14 year old girl in 1984, no one is ever going to top SImon Le Bon, Sting, and mullet-Bono lined up at a microphone together.

    There was a 2004 Band Aid 20 version released in the UK, and it, too, left me wondering what they had done to one of my favorite holiday songs and who most of the artists were, though I recognize Dido, Chris Martin, Robbie Wiliams…and, of course, the omnipresent Bono.

    Oh, and don’t forget SportAid – while everyone was holding hands across America, the rest of the world ran a 10k because Bob Geldof told them to.

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  3. Pretty much if you liked “Don’t they know it’s Christmas” all European and New Wave-y you would have thought “We are the World” in comparison sucked. OBTW don’t forget Farm Aid.

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  4. I think you got it right when you said, “It’s just a good song”. Absolutely. The intro, the melody, the instrument choice- excellent. The lyrics? Not the best. But it’s a great SONG. I’ve got it as the #34 song of the decade, actually.

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  5. As much as I liked this article- I am a sorry that it is only Geldof and not one mentioning of Midge Ure.

    He deserves it to be included.

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